The COSRX products I use for my make-up base 🎶

🇬🇧 This is literally my second time reviewing make-up products since I started writing on this blog! How is that? I guess it’s because my skin is very hard to please! My main concern when wearing make-up are acne scars and oily skin: if the products I use can cover that, then it’s sorted! Keep reading to see how these products work.

🇮🇹 Questa è letteralmente la seconda volta che recensisco dei trucchi da quando ho iniziato a scrivere su questo blog! Come mai? Credo sia perché la mia pelle è molto difficile da accontentare! La mia preoccupazione principale quando mi trucco le sono cicatrici da acne e la pelle grassa: se i prodotti che uso possono coprirle, allora è fatta! Continuate a leggere per vedere come funzionano questi prodotti.

🧚🏻‍♀️ Foundation/Fondotinta: Blemish Cover Cushion, COSRX

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🇬🇧 COSRX is a Korean cruelty-free beauty brand and one of my personal favourites. Its Blemish Cover Cushion is especially designed to cover blemishes. I bought it in the fairest shade #21. Its formula contains Centella Asiatica Leaf Water and Niacinamide, which makes the product anti-wrinkle, soothing and brightening. I love it because it has super-natural finish and lasts a long time.

🇮🇹 COSRX è un brand cruelty-free coreano nonché uno dei miei preferiti. Il loro Blemish Cover Cushion è stato pensato per coprire i brufoli. L’ho comprato nella tonalità più chiara #21. La sua formulazione con acqua di Centella Asiatica e Niacinamide lo rende anti-rughe, calmante e illuminante. Lo adoro perché ha un finish super naturale e dura a lungo.

🧚🏻‍♀️ Powder/Cipria: Perfect Sebum Centella Mineral Powder, COSRX

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🇬🇧 This translucent mineral loose powder contains Centella Asiatica Extract makes it ideal for oily-prone skin as it helps reducing the overproduction of sebum and gives a silky matte finish to the skin. I like it very much because it really helps and I would repurchase it.

🇮🇹 Questa cipria in polvere libera minerale è traslucida contiene estratto di Centella Asiatica, che la rende ideale per le pelli oleose visto che aiuta a ridurre la sovrapproduzione di sebo e dona alla pelle un aspetto setoso. Mi piace molto perché mi aiuta e la ricomprerei.

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🇬🇧 🇮🇹 This is the result! What do you guys think? / Questo è il risultato! Che ne pensate?

The Korean Beauty Chronicles #5 – Modern Age

🇬🇧 The cosmetic industry faced a turning point on August 15, 1945, celebrated nowadays as Liberation Day. Through the withdrawal of the Japanese, who had almost completely monopolized the production and sale of cosmetics, the cosmetic industry faced a decrease. The production of cosmetics had already shrunk due to the shortage of supplies suffered for a few years before 1945, and at that moment it shrunk even further. After Korea’s liberation from Japan’s colonization, production of raw materials for cosmetics wasn’t being carried out, imports were difficult, showing a temporary regress. The Korean War in 1950 made the cosmetics industry shrink again. On the contrary, the import of products and smuggling of PX products increased (PX, post exchange: a retail store on an army installation that sells goods and services to military personnel and their dependents and to certain authorized civilian personnel). Becauseof all of this, Korea’s cosmetics production wasn’t in full swing until 1960. Changesin make-up methods also appeared, though there were more changes in regard to attire, accessories, hairstyles and so on rather than make-up. This was due to the fact that already from 1920, under Japan’s colonization, Western trends already started spreading through newspapers and magazines as part of Japan’s modernization program.

The biggest change in cosmetics since the Liberation from the colonization was the subdivision of cosmetics uses. Starting from 1960 the demand for liquid foundation increased, while the consumption of varnish-type of creams and powder decreased. In addition, the style of 연지곤지 – Yeonji Gonji (round red cheeks) changed: instead of red make- up on the cheeks, actual red stickers started to be used and they still are to this day.

🇮🇹 L’industria cosmetica ha subito una svolta il 15 agosto 1945, celebrata oggi come giornata della Liberazione. Con il ritiro dei giapponesi, che avevano quasi completamente monopolizzato la produzione e la vendita di cosmetici, l’industria cosmetica ha subito una discesa. La produzione di cosmetici si era già ridotta a causa della carenza di forniture subite per alcuni anni prima del 1945, continuando a ridursi ulteriormente. Dopo la liberazione della Corea dalla colonizzazione del Giappone, la produzione di materie prime per produrre i cosmetici non iniziò subito, rendendo le importazioni difficili. La guerra di Corea nel 1950 svantaggiò nuovamente l’industria cosmetica. Al contrario, l’importazione e il contrabbando di prodotti PX aumentarono (una vendita al dettaglio presso una sede militare di beni e servizi al personale militare e ai loro dipendenti e ad alcuni membri del personale civile autorizzato). A causa di tutto ciò, la produzione di cosmetici coreani non iniziò il pieno svolgimento prima del 1960. Apparvero anche cambiamenti nei metodi di trucco, sebbene vi siano stati più cambiamenti per quanto riguarda abbigliamento, accessori, acconciature e così via. Ciò era dovuto al fatto che già dal 1920, sotto la colonizzazione del Giappone, era iniziata la diffusione attraverso giornali e riviste delle tendenze occidentali, come parte del programma di modernizzazione giapponese.

Il più grande cambiamento nei cosmetici dopo la liberazione dalla colonizzazione è stata la suddivisione degli usi. A partire dal 1960 la domanda per il fondotinta liquido aumentò, mentre il consumo di quello in crema e polvere diminuì. Inoltre, cambiò lo stile delle 연지곤지 – Yeonji Gonji (guance rosse rotonde): invece di trucco rosso sulle guance, cominciarono ad essere utilizzati degli adesivi rossi e lo sono ancora oggi.

 

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🇬🇧 The cosmetics industry has been recognized as a precision chemical and high value- added industry and is supported by state-run companies in France and the United States. As a result, cosmetics from these countries are dominating the world. Furthermore, Korea and Japan are the only two countries in Asia that have their native cosmetic companies.

In 1999, the Cosmetics Act was revised in order to promote the cosmetics industry, while promoting the development of functional cosmetics. However, despite globalization, women in South Korean keep preferring some specific kinds of make- up and aesthetics. The white skin trend is still remaining, so they try not to tan in the summer (the sale of whitening cosmetic products is still high), the three-dimensional makeup (contouring) is mainly popular and used by young women while the mid- to long-age women still prefer to focus on skincare while using a make-up that enhancesone’s natural beauty. Meanwhile, the idea of men getting plastic surgeries has steadily expanded, increasing the consumption of cosmetics, and the consumption of hair and body care cosmetics has also shown remarkable growth.

🇮🇹 L’industria cosmetica è stata riconosciuta come un’industria chimica di precisione e ad alto valore aggiunto ed è sostenuta da aziende statali in Francia e negli Stati Uniti. Di conseguenza, i cosmetici di questi paesi stanno dominando il mondo. Inoltre, la Corea e il Giappone sono gli unici due paesi in Asia ad avere le loro aziende cosmetiche nazionali.

Nel 1999, la legge sui cosmetici è stata rivista al fine di promuovere l’industria cosmetica, promuovendo nel contempo lo sviluppo di cosmetici funzionali. Tuttavia, nonostante la globalizzazione, le donne della Corea del Sud continuano a preferire alcuni tipi specifici di trucco e di stili. La preferenza per pelle bianca è ancora popolare, quindi cercano di non abbronzarsi in estate (la vendita di prodotti cosmetici sbiancanti è ancora alta), il trucco tridimensionale (contouring) è principalmente popolare e utilizzato dalle giovani; al contrario, le donne più mature preferiscono ancora concentrarsi sulla cura della pelle ed utilizzano il make-up per esaltare la propria bellezza naturale. Nel frattempo, sempre più uomini optano per dei trattamenti di chirurgia plastica, aumentando il consumo di cosmetici, e il consumo di prodotti per la cura dei capelli e del corpo ha mostrato anche notevole crescita.

The Korean Beauty Chronicles # 4 – Joseon

🇬🇧 The makeup culture of Joseon was simpler and more plain compared to that of Goryeo. Compared to the social tendency to promote a luxurious appearance, Joseon (1392– 1910 A.C.) emphasized inner beauty rather than outer beauty, a ruling ideology rooted in Confucianism. It was even banned to wear extravagant garments or heavy makeup. Bundae makeup, popularized among gisaengs in Goryeo was also thought of as “too much” or inappropriate. Thus, the makeup looks in Joseon were very confined to its natural appearance. The brows, skin, cheeks and lips all had to look “natural”. If the before and aftermakeup the on a person looked vastly different, it was considered despicable.

While the makeup trend in Joseon was simpler than that of Goryeo, that didn’t necessarily mean women at the time didn’t wear makeup at all. In fact, while the overall look is still natural, women in Joseon focused on keeping their skin clear and their look natural yet put together. They made themselves a lotion to keep their skin moisturized and applied honey mixed with its residue as a facial mask. According to the book Gyuhap Chongseo, a compendium of advice for women written by Yi Bingheogak in 1809, there were a number of ways to style one’shair, ten ways to draw one’s brows, and several ways to apply lip makeup. It is noticeable thatthe book was read mostly by average Joseon women, not gisaeng or yangban (people in higher social class). While most of the makeup products were hand-made in homes, makeup industries and its market started to emerge in the later period of Joseon. According to the records, there were separate makeup stores in markets and merchants who visited homes to sell makeup or hair products. In the painting called Taepyung sung sido which depicts scenes of people’s daily life during the Joseon era, it is interesting to spot stores selling accessories, combs, and mirrors. Compared to the mirrors made in Goryeo, mirrors made in glass were imported from countries like Russia or China and became more popular as it was much lighter and clearer. A lot of people, usually men, would buy their wives a mirror as a gift if they had a chance to travel to China.

🇮🇹 La cultura del trucco di Joseon era più semplice e sobria rispetto a quella di Goryeo. Rispetto alla trend per promuovere un’apparenza lussuosa, durante Joseon (1392– 1910 D.C.) si apprezzava la bellezza interiore piuttosto che la bellezza esterna, un’ideologia popolare radicata nel confucianesimo. Veniva persino vietato di indossare indumenti stravaganti o trucco pesante. Il trucco bundae, popolarizzato tra le gisaeng durante Goryeo, veniva considerato adesso come “troppo” o inappropriato. Così, il trucco occhi durante Joseon si limitava ad un effetto naturale. Le sopracciglia, pelle, guance e labbra tutti dovevano apparire “naturali”. Non era visto di buon occhio chiunque apparisse troppo diverso dopo l’applicazione del trucco.

Anche se il trucco delle donne di Joseon era più semplice di quelle di Goryeo, non significa che le prime non indossassero il trucco in assoluto. Al contrario, anche se lo stile era naturale, ci tenevano ad avere una bella pelle e a sembrare in ordine. Producevano loro stesse una lozione per mantenere il viso idratato e mischiavano il prodotto in eccesso con il miele, da usare come maschera per il viso. Secondo il Gyuhap Chongseo, un compendio di consigli per le donne scritto da Yi Bingheogak nel 1809, vi erano diversi stili per acconciare i capelli, dieci modi per disegnare le proprie sopracciglia, e tanti modi per applicare il trucco labbra. Questi libri venivano letti dalle donne della classe media e non da quelle altolocate come gisaeng o yangban. Nell’ultimo periodo Joseon, ai prodotti di bellezza fatti in casa si accostarono le industrie manifatturiere. Secondo le testimonianze, iniziarono ad esservi dei negozi dove si vendevano esclusivamente cosmetici e mercanti che vendevano trucchi e prodotti per capelli porta a porta. Nel dipinto Taepyung sung sido, dove sono rappresentate scene di vita quotidiana del periodo di Joseon, si possono notare delle bancarelle dove si vendono accessori, pettini e specchi. Al contrario degli specchi prodotti nel periodo di Goryeo, vi erano specchi in vetro importati da Cina e Russia, che divennero molto popolari in quanto più nitidi e lucidi. Molte persone, principalmente uomini, portavano degli specchi in regalo alle mogli al ritorno da eventuali viaggi in Cina.

The Korean Beauty Chronicles #3 – Goryeo

🇬🇧 After the unification of the three kingdoms, there came Goryeo (918 – 1392 A.C.), where the culture of makeup reached its peak. A lot of the makeup skills and its products were passed over from Silla and started to develop from it. What is special about Goryeo is that it is the first country in Korean history to have promoted and taught about makeup. It is said that the first king of Goryeo, TaeJo Wang Geon, ordered that Gisaengs (who served the king inside the palace) be taught how to properly wear makeup and the etiquette that followed it.

People have differentiated their makeup looks based on their social status at a particular time. Gisaengs who always have to wear makeup due to their job wore comparatively heavier makeup than the average, called bundae. They applied hair oils to make their hair appear shiny, and white face powder to make their complexion look paler with contrasting vivid red make-up on the lip and cheeks. Eyebrows were thin and drawn in semicircular shape. On the other hand, average women preferred less makeup without the use of color on their cheeks and lips.

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In addition to the social influence that encouraged using makeup, the development of celadon and the mirror also greatly contributed to its popularity. During the nearly five centuries of the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392), celadon constituted the main type of ceramics produced on the Korean peninsula. This exquisite ware typically appears gray-green in hue. The color of Goryeo celadon owes much to the raw materials—specifically, the presence of iron in the clay and of iron oxide, manganese oxide, and quartz particles in the glaze—as well as to the firing conditions inside the kiln. Goryeo celadon ranges from a plain, undecorated type to objects with incised, carved, mold-impressed, or inlaid designs, and to vessels embellished with colorful compounds like iron oxide (black or brown) and copper oxide (red), and also with gold.

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The advent of celadon soon led to production of different commodities used in people’s daily lives. A lot of the makeup containers were made with celadon. Skillful Goryeo people also made themselves a mirror based on the skills learned from China. Soon enough, the technology developed so that mass production was possible. It was soon dispersed to people and allowed the makeup culture in Goryeo to flourishment.

🇮🇹 Dopo l’unificazione dei tre regni, iniziò il regno di Goryeo (918 – 1392 D.C.), dove la cultura del trucco raggiunse il suo apice. Molte delle tecniche di trucco e dei prodotti sono stati ereditati da Silla e hanno iniziato a svilupparsi proprio partendo da esso. Cosa rende speciale Goryeo è che è il primo paese della storia coreana ad aver promosso e insegnato il trucco. Si dice che il primo re di Goryeo, TaeJo Wang Geon, ordinò che venisse insegnato come applicare correttamente il trucco e l’etichetta che ne conseguiva alle gisaeng (servitrici del re all’interno del palazzo).

Le persone applicavano del trucco differente in base al proprio status sociale e all’occasione. Le gisaeng, che dovevano sempre indossare il trucco a causa del loro lavoro, avevano un trucco relativamente più pesante rispetto alla media, chiamato bundae. Applicavano oli per capelli per far apparire i capelli lucidi, e polvere bianca per il viso per rendere la loro carnagione più pallida, in contrasto con il trucco rosso vivo su labbra e guance. Le sopracciglia erano sottili e disegnate a semicerchio. D’altra parte, le donne di ceto medio preferivano un trucco meno evidente, senza l’uso di colore su guance e labbra.

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Oltre all’influenza sociale, anche lo sviluppo del celadon e dello specchio hanno contribuito notevolmente alla popolarità dell’uso del trucco. Durante i quasi cinque secoli del regno, il celadon ha costituito il tipo principale di ceramica prodotta sulla penisola coreana. Questa fine ceramica ha, come da tradizione, una tonalità grigio-verde; Il colore è dovuto molto alle materie prime—in particolare, la presenza di ferro nell’argilla e la presenza di ossido di ferro, ossido di manganese, e particelle di quarzo nello smalto—, nonché le condizioni di cottura all’interno del forno. Il celadon di Goryeo spazia da un tipo semplice e non decorato a oggetti con disegni incisi, scolpiti, stampati o intarsiati e ai vasi abbelliti con composti colorati come ossido di ferro (nero o marrone), ossido di rame (rosso), e anche con l’oro.

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L’avvento del celadon portò presto alla produzione di merci diverse utilizzate nella vita quotidiana delle persone. Molti dei contenitori per il trucco sono stati realizzati con celadon. Sulla base delle tecniche cinesi, le abili persone di Goryeo creavano anche gli specchi, fino ad arrivare alla produzione di massa, che ne permise la diffusione nonché il prosperare delle tecniche di trucco.

Online shopping guide by Vica 🛍

Hi everybody! 🙂 I’ve finally decided to write about one of my main.. Well, I wouldn’t call it an “obsession”.. Let’s say something I really – REALLY – enjoy doing in my spare time (and sometimes even when I should be studying, whoops!).

Living in a city (and in general, in a country) where loads of international brands don’t sell nationwide (some just have like 1-2 shops in the whole country, usually in Milan and/or in Rome) or none at all, the only way to stay up to date on fashion and buy something you can’t find in shops is surfing the Internet. You can find pretty much anything – yes, ANYTHING – you just have to google it. Also, you can get very good deals on many websites when it comes to season – or clearance, but sometimes even random – sales.

The websites I’m going to write something about are: American Apparel, ASOS, Beauty Bay, Crazy Factory, Drop Dead, Firebox, Geek Chic Cosmetics, Just Eros, Love Make Up, MUA Make up Academy, Zalando. I’ve classified this websites by what they sell. Keep reading for a brief and absolutely personal experience-based shopping guide.

– Basically everything

asos

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Based in: London, UK

ASOS is my favourite website. Whether I need to buy something or I’m just looking for inspiration, I always find what I need. And they sell, as the title suggests, everything. From dresses to cute and funny stationary, from accessories to lunch boxes (again, very cute and funny ones). They also sell any kind of brands, from most common to most exclusive ones. They also have their own brand and various sub-brands, like ASOS Curve, ASOS Maternity, ASOS Petite and many many more. And standard shipping only costs 3 pounds/3 euros and it’s free for orders over 20 pounds/24.99 euros!

What are you waiting for? Sales are now on, so go get inspired! They ship worldwide 😉

– Clothing and accessories 

americana

Based in: Los Angeles, CA

I don’t think American Apparel needs any introduction. Their provocative ads and the originality in their products (see the many kinds of patterns and materials they use to create a huge variety of clothes) are well know all over the world. Prices can be quite high for certain products (let’s say almost all of them). If you are not lucky enough (like me) to live in a big city, you may be glad to know that they ship worldwide! Also, the brand reserves some secrets sales once in a while for those who are subscribed to their newsletter and sends them a discount for their birthday to use sitewide!

dropdead

Based in: Sheffield, UK

Drop Dead is getting more and more famous everyday, especially in the hardcore-alternative scene, and it’s not just a case, as it was founded by Bring Me The Horizon vocalist Oliver Sykes. Their outrageous kind of illustrations is what distinguishes their products from the rest of graphic tees on the net, and that’s why their are not very cheap. However, European and International shipping only costs 4.95 pounds. Also, they have two stores in the UK, one in London and one in Sheffield.

zalando

Based in: Berlin, Germany

Zalando, like ASOS, has a pretty wide range of brands to choose from. They also have their own label, called Zalando Essentials. What makes this website great is the 100 days return policy, which is not bad at all if you are busy or very indecisive. Their prices are pretty much accessible for anyone and… Shipping is free 🙂

– Make up only

mua

Based in: London, UK

What characterizes MUA‘s products is their great price-quality ratio. You can literally spend just 1.50 euros for a incredibly pigmented, long lasting lipstick, as you can read from the mostly positive reviews. I bought their Pro-Base Prime & Conceal Palette once and it’s pretty good! Try it and see! Standard delivery costs 5.50 pounds for European orders and 8,50 pounds for International orders.

lovemakeup

Based in: Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Love Make Up sells beauty products from all over the world and to all over the world, like Lime Crime or LA Splash Cosmetics 😀 delivery charges outside the UK are not very cheap (8.95 pounds for European orders and 12.50 pounds for International orders), but I can assure you that is pretty fast!

beautybay

Based in: Manchester, UK

On Beauty Bay you can shop both their own collection and lots of famous beauty brands, which are constantly discounted. Delivery costs depend on your country (you can select it before checking out), but their standard delivery service (called International Saver) is free for orders over 15 euros. Not bad uh?

geekchic

Based in: Cornelius, OR

If you are a TV series/anime/superheros junkie, Geek Chic Cosmetics is perfect for you. All their products are, as its name suggests, inspired by geeky kind of stuff. What I love about this website is that you can buy samples (a bought four last year, maybe one day I’ll write something about them)! There are various shipping costs, depending on your country.

– Funny gadgets and gifts

firebox

Based in: London, UK

Firebox is the kind of online shop you’ll be grateful for when you’ll have to buy the next birthday present for that friend who’s obsessed with Breaking Bad but already got all the DVDs. All kidding aside, in this website there are loads of pop culture-inspired gadgets for all ages and for all tastes. Airmail shipping costs 4.95 euros and they ship worldwide. You can thank me later.

– Body jewelry

When I used to wear earplugs, I really liked shopping here:

justeros

Based in: Polegate, UK

Just Eros has a pretty wide range of earplugs, as well as aftercare products for your lobes. They also have a small section with a few tips for a stretching your lobes without hurting yourself, which was quite useful for me. 🙂

crazyfactory

Based in: Chur, Switzerland

Crazy Factory is one of the best body jewelry websites ever. Their products are cheap and very good. They ship worldwide. 🙂

That’s all for today, happy shopping, remember to buy responsibly! 🙂

Love, Vica x