Review – Kocostar Camo Breast Mask 🤱🏼

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🇬🇧 Hello everyone! Today’s review is going to deal with my first time trying a breast mask, which I’m still wearing as I’m writing. I purchased this mask something like one year ago, when it make its first debut on Sephora’s shelves. I liked the camouflage pattern and also, I think it was the only breast mask available at that time.

🇮🇹 Ciao a tutti! La recensione di oggi riguarderà la mia prima esperienza con una maschera per il seno, che sto indossando anche ora, mentre scrivo. L’ho comprata all’incirca un anno fa, quando iniziò a comparire tra gli scaffali di Sephora. Mi piaceva la fantasia militare; inoltre, credo fosse l’unica maschera seno disponibile al tempo.

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🇬🇧 The first visible difference from sheet masks – I don’t know whether I should consider this product as a sheet mask as well, since the texture and thickness of it makes it feel and look more like a cloth – is the shape of this breast mask, which is supposed to fit the bottom part of the breasts and to surround the nipple.

🇮🇹 La differenza più visibile con le maschere in tessuto – non so se dovrei considerare anche questa una maschera in tessuto, visto che il materiale e il suo spessore la fanno sembrare più simile ad un pezzo di stoffa – è la sua forma, che sembra adatto ad coprire la parte inferiore del seno e a circondare il capezzolo.

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🇬🇧 When peeling the protective film off the mask, you can see a sticky surface which is supposed to literally stick around the area. This makes sense, as the mask is supposed to make the breast skin more elastic and firm. Also, this makes the application easier, as the mask won’t fall once applied – thank you Kocostar from my 38D boobs!

🇮🇹 Dopo aver tolto la pellicola protettiva dalla maschera, si nota una patina appiccicosa che si attacca intorno al seno. Visto che la maschera ha proprietà elasticizzanti e tonificanti, penso che abbia senso, oltre a rendere l’applicazione più facile, visto che una volta attaccata non si stacca – grazie Kocostar da parte della mia 4D!

I took these pictures for informative purposes only. / Queste foto sono state scattate a puro scopo informativo.

🇬🇧 However, the masks don’t look as pretty once applied – I don’t know whether it was my big, saggy breasts or the masks fault. I worn them for 30 minutes but unfortunately the was no serum left, which it was supposed to be as written on the back of the package! Also, as the sagginess of the breasts in mostly related to the décolleté area, I think the product should be upgraded, focusing more on that area.

🇮🇹 Purtroppo, la maschera non era altrettanto bella una volta indossata – non so se è stato per colpa del mio abbondante seno o della maschera. L’ho indossata per 30 minuti e il siero in eccesso, che secondo le indicazioni sulla confezione doveva essere spalmato intorno alla zona da trattare, non c’era! Inoltre, visto che il problema del cedimento del seno riguarda principalmente il décolleté, il prodotto dovrebbe essere migliorato in modo da trattare meglio quell’area.

🇬🇧 Update: I woke up the next day with two hot-feeling mask-shaped red inflammations – I’ve got so scared! Luckily, I solved the problem easily by applying a calming pomade. 100% not going to repurchase!

🇮🇹 Aggiornamento: il mattino seguente mi sono svegliata con due irritazioni calde al tatto a forma di maschera e mi sono spaventata moltissimo! Per fortuna, è bastato applicare una crema lenitiva per risolvere il problema. Sono sicura che non le ricomprerò!

🇬🇧 🇮🇹 Until next Wednesday! / Al prossimo mercoledì!

The Korean Beauty Chronicles #3 – Goryeo

🇬🇧 After the unification of the three kingdoms, there came Goryeo (918 – 1392 A.C.), where the culture of makeup reached its peak. A lot of the makeup skills and its products were passed over from Silla and started to develop from it. What is special about Goryeo is that it is the first country in Korean history to have promoted and taught about makeup. It is said that the first king of Goryeo, TaeJo Wang Geon, ordered that Gisaengs (who served the king inside the palace) be taught how to properly wear makeup and the etiquette that followed it.

People have differentiated their makeup looks based on their social status at a particular time. Gisaengs who always have to wear makeup due to their job wore comparatively heavier makeup than the average, called bundae. They applied hair oils to make their hair appear shiny, and white face powder to make their complexion look paler with contrasting vivid red make-up on the lip and cheeks. Eyebrows were thin and drawn in semicircular shape. On the other hand, average women preferred less makeup without the use of color on their cheeks and lips.

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In addition to the social influence that encouraged using makeup, the development of celadon and the mirror also greatly contributed to its popularity. During the nearly five centuries of the Goryeo dynasty (918–1392), celadon constituted the main type of ceramics produced on the Korean peninsula. This exquisite ware typically appears gray-green in hue. The color of Goryeo celadon owes much to the raw materials—specifically, the presence of iron in the clay and of iron oxide, manganese oxide, and quartz particles in the glaze—as well as to the firing conditions inside the kiln. Goryeo celadon ranges from a plain, undecorated type to objects with incised, carved, mold-impressed, or inlaid designs, and to vessels embellished with colorful compounds like iron oxide (black or brown) and copper oxide (red), and also with gold.

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The advent of celadon soon led to production of different commodities used in people’s daily lives. A lot of the makeup containers were made with celadon. Skillful Goryeo people also made themselves a mirror based on the skills learned from China. Soon enough, the technology developed so that mass production was possible. It was soon dispersed to people and allowed the makeup culture in Goryeo to flourishment.

🇮🇹 Dopo l’unificazione dei tre regni, iniziò il regno di Goryeo (918 – 1392 D.C.), dove la cultura del trucco raggiunse il suo apice. Molte delle tecniche di trucco e dei prodotti sono stati ereditati da Silla e hanno iniziato a svilupparsi proprio partendo da esso. Cosa rende speciale Goryeo è che è il primo paese della storia coreana ad aver promosso e insegnato il trucco. Si dice che il primo re di Goryeo, TaeJo Wang Geon, ordinò che venisse insegnato come applicare correttamente il trucco e l’etichetta che ne conseguiva alle gisaeng (servitrici del re all’interno del palazzo).

Le persone applicavano del trucco differente in base al proprio status sociale e all’occasione. Le gisaeng, che dovevano sempre indossare il trucco a causa del loro lavoro, avevano un trucco relativamente più pesante rispetto alla media, chiamato bundae. Applicavano oli per capelli per far apparire i capelli lucidi, e polvere bianca per il viso per rendere la loro carnagione più pallida, in contrasto con il trucco rosso vivo su labbra e guance. Le sopracciglia erano sottili e disegnate a semicerchio. D’altra parte, le donne di ceto medio preferivano un trucco meno evidente, senza l’uso di colore su guance e labbra.

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Oltre all’influenza sociale, anche lo sviluppo del celadon e dello specchio hanno contribuito notevolmente alla popolarità dell’uso del trucco. Durante i quasi cinque secoli del regno, il celadon ha costituito il tipo principale di ceramica prodotta sulla penisola coreana. Questa fine ceramica ha, come da tradizione, una tonalità grigio-verde; Il colore è dovuto molto alle materie prime—in particolare, la presenza di ferro nell’argilla e la presenza di ossido di ferro, ossido di manganese, e particelle di quarzo nello smalto—, nonché le condizioni di cottura all’interno del forno. Il celadon di Goryeo spazia da un tipo semplice e non decorato a oggetti con disegni incisi, scolpiti, stampati o intarsiati e ai vasi abbelliti con composti colorati come ossido di ferro (nero o marrone), ossido di rame (rosso), e anche con l’oro.

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L’avvento del celadon portò presto alla produzione di merci diverse utilizzate nella vita quotidiana delle persone. Molti dei contenitori per il trucco sono stati realizzati con celadon. Sulla base delle tecniche cinesi, le abili persone di Goryeo creavano anche gli specchi, fino ad arrivare alla produzione di massa, che ne permise la diffusione nonché il prosperare delle tecniche di trucco.

Review – Neutrogena Wet Skin Kids Stick Sunscreen Broad Spectrum SPF 70 🐳

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🇬🇧 Hi there! How are you all dealing with the summer heat? I can’t wait to go to the beach – only a few days left until freedom! Anyway, I keep my skin safe from the sun even during my life in the city – even during Winter, actually (but that’s just because I’m obsessed). Since the refill of my Holy Grail sunscreen is STILL stuck at customs, what I’m reviewing today is a temporary replacement for it – which turned to be a pleasant discovery, as I’ve previously stated in this Instagram post.

The sunscreen I’m going to talk about is actually a sun-stick, which are popular in South Korea but not so much in the West. In fact, I’ve noticed that in the former case, every Korean cosmetic brand produces and sells at least one version of it (if we don’t count collaboration editions and such); in the latter case, a few brands seem interested in producing and selling only an “eye and lip”-care version of the product.

🇮🇹 Ciao a tutti! Come state affrontando il caldo estivo? Io non vedo l’ora di andare in spiaggia, ormai manca poco! Anche in città, comunque, mi proteggo dal sole (lo faccio anche d’inverno, visto che sono ossessionata). E visto che la ricarica della mia crema solare preferita è ANCORA ferma in dogana, quello che recensirò oggi non è che un suo sostituto temporaneo, come potete leggere in questo post su Instagram di qualche tempo fa.

La protezione solare di cui parlerò è in realtà una protezione in stick, molto popolare in Corea del Sud ma non ancora molto in occidente. In effetti, ho notato che mentre nel primo caso tutti i brand di cosmesi coreani ne producono e ne vendono almeno una versione ciascuno (senza contare collaborazioni o altre edizioni speciali), nel secondo caso solo alcuni brand sembrano interessati a produrre e vendere questo tipo di prodotto, e solo come adatto per occhi e labbra.

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🇬🇧 The ingredients, whose safety is still more or less controversial, are: Avobenzone; Homosalate; Octisalate; Octocrylene; Oxybenzone. What I liked about this sun-stick is its being oil-free, clear and vanilla-scented. However, I can’t to try more sun-sticks for combination skin.

🇮🇹 Gli ingredienti, la cui effettiva sicurezza è ancora in fase di studio, sono: Avobenzone; Homosalate; Octisalate; Octocrylene; Oxybenzone. Mi è piaciuto il fatto che sia senza olio, trasparente e al profumo di vaniglia. In ogni caso, non vedo l’ora di provare degli stick più indicati per la pelle mista.

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🇬🇧 🇮🇹 Until next time! / Alla prossima!

Vica

The Korean Beauty Chronicles #2 – Silla

🇬🇧 Unlike Goguryeo and Baekje, Silla people’s cosmetics records remain relatively large. Women used a gache, a big wig which was decorated with gold, jewels, silver, coral, jade, and the traditional Korean colorful silk. In ancient times, long hair was a requirement for beauty. In Silla, long-haired processing techniques were developed.
Moreover, the gaches of the Silla people were more long-haired than that of the Chinese and were said to be yearned for by Chinese women. Because of this, they were sent several times as a trade between countries and were exported by merchants. These facts prove that the cosmetics manufacturing techniques of people from Silla were superior to those of China at the time.
It is believed that the reason Silla-made gaches were more unbranched than Chinese-made ones was because they were manufactured using hair oil from the fruits of camellia, jujube, and bee-bee (also known as Korean evodia) trees and frequently washed their hair following the Yudu folklore, a traditional summer festival that falls on the fifteenth of the sixth lunar month. The term Yudu literally means “immersing head in flowing water” and described people washing their hair in rivers whose water flowed eastwards, the direction of youth and activity and of positive energy. It was thought that washing and combing one’s hair over the cliff would wipe out the bad luck of the year. 

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During the Silla Dynasty, the use and manufacturing techniques of white powder were considerable. It has been recorded that a Buddhist monk was given an award in 692 in Japan (the 1st year of King Hyoso’s reign) because he made face powder. This shows that in Silla, the manufacture of face powder became common before 692.
The traditional white powder was made grains powder, such as rice and millet, or powder of powdered flower seeds, white clay, talc or powder made of pulverized fossils. Because of its weak adhesion and spreadability, the powder was not only complicated to use but also hard to apply. For this reason, people used to shave their face fuzz with tweezers or raw cotton before applying the powder, dipping the white powder into the water and then sleeping for a while (20 to 30 minutes) after the application. Later, a lead-based chemical treatment was created, which improved the adhesion of the white powder and made it easier to spread. Therefore, the manufacture of white powder has been considered a breakthrough in the history of the development of cosmetics.
The Silla people also decorated their cheeks and lips with red make-up, which was made of safflower. Other than the red make-up, there were eyebrow pencils, which was made from wood such as hard oak and nut wood into a plush to draw eyebrows.

Silla jewelry was diverse and very colorful at the same time. In addition to gold, silver, and jade, earrings, necklaces, rings and bracelets were made from a bamboo, ivory, bronze, or wood, and various accessories were added to belts to enhance their beauty.
As such, various high-quality cosmetics were developed during the Silla Dynasty and high-level cosmetic techniques existed because the Silla people’s unique sense of beauty, or Yeonggyukilchi (영육일치), was formed.
According to Samguk Yusa (in English: The History of the Three Kingdoms) –  a collection of legends, folktales and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea as well as to other periods and states before, during and after the Three Kingdoms period – Park Hyuk-Geo, Silla’s first king, was a handsome man with beautiful features. His body was said to have glowed when he was bathed in Dongcheon (a stream in Pusan, South Gyeongsang Province).
Al-Young, queen and wife of Park Hyuk-Geo, was exceptionally beautiful, her lips were said to have the same defects as the beak of a chicken, but when she was bathed in Bukcheon (a stream in Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang Province), her beak fell and she became a perfect beauty.
These records on Silla’s first king and queen demonstrates that Silla people were leaded of men and women who combined wisdom, courage and beauty.
For this reason, both Park Hyuk-Geo and Al-Young reinforced their image as leaders through the means of bathing, which is believed to mean that both of them were “beautified” through it, or that in the case of Al-Young, she was “beautified” through surgery thanks to bathing.
A further proof of the sense of beauty in Silla is the importance given to the Hwarang, also known as Flowering Knights and Beautiful Man (from “Hwa” – flower – and “Rang” – knight/man), who were an elite warrior group of male youth in Silla. There were educational institutions as well as social clubs where members gathered for all aspects of study, originally for arts and culture as well as religious teachings stemming mainly from Korean Buddhism. They wore makeup, jade rings, bracelets, necklaces, jewelry, and other accessories and dress up beautifully, which made them beautiful men. 

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Kim Kwan-Chan (645 – 660), “Hwarang boy”, son of General Kim Pum-Il.

These men, as well as Park Hyuk-Geo and Al-Young, made the Silla people believe that exterior beauty reflected one’s inner beauty.
As a result, in addition to the use of cosmetics, people of Silla prioritized a clean body, neat clothes, and beautiful garments.

It is said that the introduction of Buddhism also greatly influenced the culture of makeup and cosmetic products in Silla. The Buddhist doctrines sanctified incenses, always using them during religious ceremonies and they also put great emphasis on the act of bathing as purification. Because of these ideas, the popularization of perfumes and incenses and of baths increased. 

Buddhism was practiced not only in the Silla Kingdom, but also in the Baekje and Goguryeo ones. Nevertheless, the idea of cleanliness was especially strengthened due to the emphasis put on purifying baths. In other words, it was thought that the soul could be purified only through bathing frequently and keeping the body clean.

People of Silla installed bath facilities in both Buddhist temples and their houses according to both their personal aesthetic sense and the Buddhist doctrine, in order to keep at the same time their bodies and minds clean.  As a result of this, bathing products developed as well: red beans, green beans and walnuts were mixed with rice bran and made into soap. 

The idea of purification baths often led to the change of the idea of bathing itself. It became recognized that bathing was not a mere act of cleanliness to get rid of the body’s dirt but a sacred ritual to wash away one’s sins of the mind. Therefore, taking baths became not only a practice to be performed only before temple events but in all events and prayers that required a revered and solemn atmosphere in order to release their emotions and find peace. The use of incense was also part of the Buddhist rituals because of the Buddhist belief that the Nirvana could be reached through the use of incenses. It is not surprise, then, that Silla people manufactured perfumes and spices. 

Perfume (different from today’s perfumes, which are made from dissolving spices in alcohol) was obtained by squeezing the flavoring substance, which could be either flower oil obtained by pressing the petals in oil, or flowers and minerals dissolved in oil.

Scented stems, leaves and roots of aromatic plants were dried and ground out or cut down into small pieces; scents made of parts of minerals and animals in solid or powder form were also widely used.
The most common method of using perfumes was smoking incense in a burner. In addition to using perfumes and spices for religious and ritual ceremonies, Silla people also used it in the master’s bedroom when praying and pledging. Furthermore, it is believed that Silla people orally administered incense. Finally, a perfumery bag with spices was worn on the garments’ right side of the waist from any man and woman in Silla, regardless of their age or social status. This comes from the fact that Buddhism was not a religion aimed at one specific type of person; instead, it embraced all men and women regardless of their status, claiming to save everyone; therefore incises and perfumes, as well as herbs and spices, were used by everyone, indiscriminately.

🇮🇹 A differenza di Goguryeo e Baekje, il repertorio dei prodotti cosmetici della gente di Silla è molto vasto. Le donne usavano le gache, grandi parrucche decorate con oro, gioielli, argento, corallo, giada, e la seta colorata tradizionale coreana. Nell’antichità, infatti, i capelli lunghi erano un requisito di bellezza.
Le gache prodotte dal popolo Silla, anelate dalle donne cinesi, erano più lunghe e folte di quelle prodotte in Cina. Per questo motivo, esse sono state usate più volte come merce di scambio tra i due paesi e venivano esportante dai commercianti. Questi fatti dimostrano che le tecniche di produzione di prodotti di bellezza di Silla erano superiori a quelli della Cina in quel periodo.
Si ritiene che il motivo per cui le gache Silla-made avessero meno nodi di quelle cinesi era perché venivano fabbricate usando olio per capelli dai frutti di albero di camelia, jujube ed evodia ed i capelli con cui venivano fatti venivano lavati seguendo la tradizione della Yudu, una festa estiva che cade il quindicesimo giorno del sesto mese lunare. Il termine Yudu significa letteralmente “immergere la testa in acqua corrente” e descrive le persone che lavano i capelli nei fiumi la cui acqua scorre verso est, la direzione della gioventù e dell’energia positiva. Si pensava che lavare e pettinare i capelli sulla scogliera avrebbe spazzato via la sfortuna dell’anno appena trascorso.

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Durante il regno di Silla, l’uso e le tecniche di fabbricazione della polvere bianca (antenata dell’attuale cipria) erano considerevoli. Esistono testimonianze scritte in cui viene dichiarato che un monaco buddista ricevette un premio nel 692 in Giappone (il 1 º anno del regno del re Hyoso) per la sua tecnica di produzione della polvere per il viso. Questo dimostra che nel regno di Silla la produzione della polvere per il viso era diventata comune prima del 692.

La polvere bianca tradizionale poteva essere fatta con grani in polvere, come il riso e miglio, polvere di semi di fiori, argilla bianca, talco o polvere di fossili polverizzati. A causa della sua poca aderenza sulla pelle, la polvere era non solo complicata da usare, ma anche difficile da applicare. Per questo motivo, la gente usava radersi il viso con delle pinzette o del cotone grezzo prima di applicare la polvere; dopo l’applicazione, si immergeva la polvere bianca in acqua per fissarla e poi si dormiva per un po’ (da 20 a 30 minuti) per completare il procedimento. In seguito, è stato creato un trattamento chimico a base di piombo, che ha migliorato l’adesione della polvere bianca e ne ha reso più facile la stesura. Pertanto, la produzione di polvere bianca è stata considerata una svolta nella storia dello sviluppo di cosmetici. Il popolo Silla utilizzava anche del trucco rosso su guance e labbra, il cui pigmento veniva ricavato dai fiori di cartamo; c’erano anche matite per sopracciglia, che venivano fatte con legno di quercia o di noce e con del tessuto morbido che fungeva da pennello per disegnarle.

I gioielli di Silla erano allo stesso tempo diversi e molti colorati. Oltre che in oro, argento e giada, orecchini, collane, anelli e bracciali venivano realizzati in bambù, avorio, bronzo o legno e vari accessori adornavano le cinture per esaltarne la bellezza. È grazie all’autentico senso estetico, o Yeonggyukilchi (영육일치), degli abitanti di Silla che vari cosmetici di alta qualità e tecniche cosmetiche di alto livello sono stati sviluppati. 

Da quanto riportato nel Samguk Yusa (in Italiano: Memorie storiche dei tre regni), una collezione di leggende e racconti epici sulla storia non solo dei Tre Regni della Corea ma anche di periodi storici e stati avvenuti e formatisi prima, durante e dopo il periodo degli stessi, il primo re di Silla, Park Hyuk-Geo, era un bellissimo uomo. Si dice che durante i suoi bagni nel Dongcheon (un canale di Pusan, a sud della provincia di Gyeongsang), il suo corpo brillasse. Anche la regina Al-Young, moglie di Park Hyuk-Geo, era estremamente bella: dopo essersi lavata nel Bukcheon (una canale di Gyeongju, a nord della provincia di Gyeongsang), perse il becco che sostitutiva le sue labbra, simile a quelle di un pollo.
Questi documenti sui primi sovrani di Silla dimostrano che questo popolo era guidato da uomini e donne che combinavano saggezza, coraggio e bellezza.
Per questo motivo, sia Park Hyuk-Geo che Al-Young hanno rafforzato la loro immagine di leader promuovendo il “fare il bagno”, visto che entrambi raggiunsero la bellezza esteriore grazie ad esso.
Un’altra prova del senso estetico di Silla era l’importanza degli Hwarang, conosciuti anche come Flowering Knights (from “Hwa” – fiore – and “Rang” – cavaliere/uomo), un’elite di cavalieri costituita da giovani uomini. I membri si riunivano in accademie e circoli per affrontare insieme tutti gli aspetti dello studio, partendo dalle arti e la cultura per arrivare agli insegnamenti religiosi derivanti principalmente dal buddismo coreano. Indossavano trucco, anelli di giada, bracciali, collane, gioielli e altri accessori e si vestivano in modo impeccabile: questo rendeva loro dei bellissimi uomini.

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Kim Kwan-Chan (645 – 660), “Hwarang boy”, figlio del Generale Kim Pum-Il.

Oltre a Park Hyuk-Geo e Al-Young, è anche grazie a questi uomini che gli abitanti di Silla credevano che la bellezza esteriore rispecchiasse quella interiore.
Questo risultò in un culto non solo dei cosmetici ma anche di un corpo pulito, vestiti ordinati e l’utilizzo di bei tessuti.

Si dice che anche l’introduzione del buddismo avesse influenzato la cultura del make-up e dei cosmetici di Silla. Le dottrine buddiste santificano gli incensi, utilizzandoli sempre durante le cerimonie religiose, ed enfatizzano l’atto di fare il bagno come purificazione. A causa di queste idee, la popolarità di profumi e incensi e di bagni aumentò.

ll buddismo non era praticato solo nel regno di Silla, ma anche in quelli di Baekje e Goguryeo. Tuttavia, l’idea di pulizia è stata rafforzata soprattutto a causa dell’enfasi posta sulla purificazione tramite i bagni. In altre parole, si pensava che l’anima potesse essere purificata solo facendo il bagno frequentemente e mantenendo pulito il corpo.

Gli abitanti di Silla installarono strutture per il bagno nei templi buddisti e nelle loro case sia secondo il proprio senso estetico personale sia secondo la dottrina buddista, al fine di mantenere puliti allo stesso tempo il proprio corpo e la propria mente. Di conseguenza, si svilupparono anche i prodotti da bagno: fagioli rossi, verdi e noci venivano mescolati con crusca di riso e trasformati in sapone.

L’idea di bagni depurativi ha portato al cambiamento dell’idea di lavarsi. È stato riconosciuto che fare il bagno non era un semplice atto di pulizia per sbarazzarsi della sporcizia del corpo, ma un rituale sacro per lavare via i peccati della mente. Quindi, fare il bagno divenne non solo una pratica da eseguire prima di prendere parte agli eventi del tempio, ma in tutti gli eventi e i culti che richiedevano un’atmosfera riverita e solenne per liberare le emozioni e ritrovare la pace. L’uso di incenso faceva parte anche dei rituali buddisti che prevedevano che il Nirvana potesse essere raggiunto attraverso l’uso di essi. Non è una sorpresa, quindi, che la gente di Silla abbia anche prodotto profumi e spezie.

I profumi (diversi da quelli prodotti oggi, fatti dissolvendo le spezie nell’alcool) si otteneva spremendo la componente profumante, che poteva essere dell’olio di fiori ottenuto dalla pressatura dei loro petali, o da fiori e minerali dissolti nell’olio.

Steli profumati, foglie e radici di piante aromatiche venivano essiccati e macinati o tagliati in piccoli pezzi; anche profumi fatti di parti solide o in polvere di minerali e animali venivano ampiamente utilizzati.
Il metodo più comune di utilizzare profumi era con i brucia incenso. Oltre a utilizzare profumi e spezie per cerimonie religiose e rituali, gli abitanti di Silla li usavano nella propria camera da letto nei momenti di preghiera. Inoltre, si ritiene che il popolo Silla somministrasse incenso per via orale. Infine, qualsiasi uomo e donna in Silla, indipendentemente dalla loro età o status sociale, indossava sulla parte destra della vita dei sacchetti profumati con spezie. Questo deriva dal fatto che il buddismo non era una religione mirata ad un tipo di persona specifico; al contrario, accoglieva tutti gli uomini e le donne senza discriminazioni, sostenendo di salvare tutti; per questo motivo i profumi, così come erbe e spezie, sono stati utilizzati da tutti, indistintamente.

Sources/Fonti:

  • Jeon, W.K. (1995), ‘Hwajang (Cosmetics)’, Encyclopedia of Korean Culture [Online]. Available at: http://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Contents/Item/E0064848 (in Korean).
  • Encyclopedia of Korean Seasonal Customs: Encyclopedia of Korean Folklore and Traditional Culture Vol. 1(2010), The National Folk Museum of Korea.

Review – Purederm Tomato Collagen Sheet Mask 🍅

🇬🇧 Hello everyone! Today I’m posting my first beauty-related review on this blog. Unfortunately, it’s going to deal with a disappointing product. ☹️

As you could tell by the title of this post, the product I’m reviewing is a sheet mask. Sheet masking is one of my favourite steps in my beauty routine, so I take it very seriously and I’m very demanding whenever I try a new mask! That said…

🇮🇹 Ciao a tutti! Quella di oggi è la mia prima recensione su questo blog. Purtroppo, sarà una recensione negativa. ☹️

Come si evince dal titolo del post, il prodotto che recensirò è una maschera per il viso in tessuto. Le maschere in tessuto sono alcuni dei prodotti della mia routine a cui non posso proprio rinunciare. Sono molto critica ogni volta che ne provo una nuova! Detto questo…

🇬🇧 I received this mask as part of the Vita Mask Sheet Trial Kit sold by K-beauty online retailer Jolse. This mask in particular is supposed to be nourish and provide anti-oxidants effects thanks to the combination of tomatoes with minerals and vitamins; also, doesn’t contain parabens nor phenoxyethanol.

🇮🇹 Ho ricevuto questa maschera insieme ad altre comprese nel pacchetto prova di maschere alle vitamine Vita Mask Sheet Trial Kit. Questa in particolare dovrebbe avere un effetto nutriente e anti-ossidante, grazie alla combinazione di pomodoro, vitamine e minerali. Inoltre, non contiene parabeni né fenossietanolo.

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🇬🇧 What I tend to notice first while I use a new sheet mask (as probably most people using sheet masks does) is how it fits, especially on the nose bridge (my most critical area) and jaw area. It is not surprising then that, as I’ve already mentioned on this Instagram post, my main rant is about the bad fitting of this mask. In support of my rant, I’ll post a picture:

🇮🇹 Quello che tendo a notare per primo quando uso una nuova maschera (come probabilmente fa la maggior parte delle persone che le utilizzano) è come aderisce, soprattutto sul setto nasale (la mia zona più critica) e la zona della mascella. Non mi sorprende quindi, come ho già detto su Instagram, che la delusione principale per me fosse stata la poca aderenza della maschera. A sostegno di ciò, pubblico una foto:

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🇬🇧 I’m not sure whether the main problem was the paper-like sheet texture or the “excess” amount of sheet itself. Although the latter is surely uncomfortable and could be easily avoided, the former – besides being uncomfortable as well – is not optimal for a good serum absorption. Anyway, I solved this problem by patting all the remaining serum directly on my skin – and the result was quite convincing: a brighter and softer skin!

🇮🇹 Non sono sicura se il problema principale sia stata la consistenza di “carta” del tessuto o l’eccessiva presenza di tessuto. L’ultimo (problema) è sicuramente una scomodità facilmente evitabile, ma il primo – anch’esso scomodo – non è ottimale per l’assorbimento del siero. Ho cercato di ovviare a questo problema spalmando il siero rimanente direttamente sul viso, e il risultato è stato convincente: la mia pelle era più luminosa e morbida!

🇬🇧🇮🇹 Got any questions? Ask away 😉 / Domande? Non esitate a chiedere 😉

The Korean Beauty Chronicles #1 – Goguryeo and Baekje

🇬🇧 In the Korean Peninsula, appearance of makeup started to emerge during the years of the Three Kingdoms (B.C. 37 – A.D. 668): Goguryeo – matching with today’s North Korea, and the Northern and Central regions of South Korea; Baekje – matching with today’s South Korean South-Western region; Silla- geographically matching with today’s South Korean South-Eastern region.

Goguryeo

When the people of Goguryeo gathered during official public ceremonies, they decorated themselves with silk and gold, and in particular, masters and housewives wore headscarves. Also, as the records of the Chinese historical text Hu Han-Seo (also known as the History of the Later Han and by its Chinese name Hou Hanshu) show that both men and women liked to wear clean clothes and enjoyed acting and playing music at night, it is also clear that the Goguryeo people were dressed differently depending on their status and occupation. Thank to this, it was possible to spot the image of a noblewoman of the Susanri murals, believed to be an ancient tomb built between the 5th and 6th centuries, which shows her cheeks and lips decorated with red make-up.

The women in the mural of Ssangyeongchong tomb (on the right) are also wearing red makeup, although the main character of Susanri murals is a lady while the main characters in the mural of Ssangyeongchong seem to be maids.

 

Another detail that can be spotted in these murals in the the pattern of Goguryeo women’s hair: their hair are wrapped from the back to the front, a hairband is wrapped around the center of their bangs.

Baekje

According to Sancai Tuhui, an illustrated encyclopedia compiled by the Chinese Ming Dynasty’s Wang Qi in 1607, the Japanese did not know how to apply makeup or make cosmetics until they learned the manufacturing and makeup techniques of cosmetics from Baekje.
Judging from this, it is assumed that Baekje people’s cosmetics manufacturing skills were very high. However, there is no record of all the types of cosmetics used by the people of Baekje or the details of the cosmetic process, but only a limited number of cosmetics.
The people of Baekje inherited Mahan’s – a confederacy of statelets of which Baekje was a member – tradition of having long and beautiful hair, so that men wore a topknot and women wore a double braid. It is speculated that the people of Baekje wore clothes and makeup and combed their hair depending on their social status. The cosmetic trend of the people of Baekje, which can be found through Chinese literature with the name Shibunmuju, was in contrast with the cosmetic trend of Chinese women. The people of Baekje preferred wearing a light (as in paler) and subtle makeup, which consisted of putting powder on the face without wearing red make-up on the lips or cheeks.

1280px-7th_century_painting_of_koreans7th century Tang dynasty painting of envoys from the Three Kingdoms of Korea: Baekje, Goguryeo, and Silla

Next week we will talk about the Silla Kingdom, of which there’s a lot to be told!

🇮🇹 Le prime testimonianze sull’utilizzo dei cosmetici nella penisola coreana risalgono al periodo dei Tre Regni: Goguryeo – corrispondente all’attuale Corea del Nord e alle regioni settentrionali e centrali della Corea del Sud; Baekje – corrispondente all’attuale regione sud-occidentale della Corea del Sud; Silla – corrispondente all’attuale regione sud-orientale della Corea del Sud. Questi tre regni sono esistiti dal 27 A.C. al 668 D.C.

Goguryeo

Quando gli abitanti di Goguryeo si riunivano per le cerimonie pubbliche ufficiali, si adornavano di seta ed oro, e in particolare, uomini di potere e casalinghe indossavano un velo sul capo.Inoltre, sia gli uomini che le donne amavano indossare vestiti puliti e si dilettavano nella recitazione e nella musica durante le ore notturne, come riportato nel testo storico cinese Hu Han-Seo (noto anche come Libro degli Han Posteriori e con il suo nome cinese Hou Hanshu). È anche chiaro che ogni membro del popolo di Goguryeo fosse vestito in modo diverso a seconda del proprio status sociale e del proprio mestiere. Grazie a queste informazioni, è stato possibile individuare l’immagine di una nobildonna nei murales di Susanri, un’antica tomba costruita tra il V e il VI secolo, che mostra le guance e le labbra del personaggio decorate di rosso.

Anche le donne nel murale della tomba Ssangyeongchong (foto a destra) indossano il trucco rosso, anche se il personaggio principale dei murales di Susanri è una signora mentre i personaggi principali nel murale di Ssangyeongchong sembrano essere delle serve.

 

Un altro dettaglio che può essere notato in questi murales sta nel tipo di acconciatura delle donne di Goguryeo: i loro capelli venivano legati dal retro verso la fronte e una fascia per capelli veniva avvolto intorno al centro della loro frangetta.

Baekje

Secondo il Sancai Tuhui, un’enciclopedia illustrata scritta da Wang Qi (della dinastia cinese Ming) nel 1607, i giapponesi non seppero utilizzare né produrre cosmetici prima di scoprire le tecniche di applicazione e manifattura dei cosmetici di Baekje.
Detto questo, quindi, sembra che le tecniche degli abitanti di Baekje fossero molto avanzate. Purtroppo, non ci sono testimonianze di tutti i tipi di cosmetici utilizzati dal popolo di Baekje e delle loro tecniche di produzione degli stessi, ma solo di un piccolo numero di cosmetici.
Gli abitanti di Baekje ereditarono la tradizione del popolo Mahan – una confederazione di staterelli di cui Baekje faceva parte – di portare i capelli lunghi: gli uomini acconciavano i propri capelli in uno chignon alto e le donne in una doppia treccia. Si dice che gli abitanti di Baekje vestissero, si truccassero e adornassero i propri capelli a seconda del loro status sociale. Le loro usanze in termini di cosmetici, a cui ci si riferisce con il termine Shibunmuju nella letteratura cinese, erano in contrasto con quelle delle donne cinesi: gli abitanti di Baekje preferivano un trucco più chiaro e meno evidente, che consisteva nell’applicare la cipria sul volto senza colorare le labbra e le guance di rosso.

1280px-7th_century_painting_of_koreansDipinto della dinastia Tang (secolo VII) raffigurante tree emissari provenienti dai Tre Regni: Baekje, Goguryeo, Silla

La prossima volta parleremo del regno di Silla!

Sources/Fonti:

  • Jeon, W.K. (1995), ‘Hwajang (Cosmetics)’, Encyclopedia of Korean Culture [Online]. Available at: http://encykorea.aks.ac.kr/Contents/Item/E0064848 (in Korean).
  • Lee Barnes, G. (2001), ‘State Formation in Korea: Historical and Archaeological Perspectives’, Psychology Press, p.29-33.

A stroll out of the ordinary 🏛

Hey guys! I’m back already, isn’t it great? This post will be an unusual travel-related one. As I went to visit Rome for the billionth time yesterday morning, I’ve decided not to act like a tourist but more like the literature enthusiast I’ve become over the years. I went to visit the Non Catholic Cemetery, where many artists from many parts of the world (some more famous than others) are buried. I’ve always had a thing for English Romantic poets and especially for John Keats, so what better way to express my admiration for him than visiting his grave? I’m great, I know. Best fan on the whole planet.
Should I introduce him to my beautiful readers? I think so, yeah.
Keats was an underrated poet at his time. After interrupting his career as a doctor to completely devote his life to poetry – which consisted mainly of odes and letters to relatives, friends and his beloved Fanny Browne – he fell ill and moved to Rome, where he died of tuberculoses at the young age of 25.

His poetry can be summed up by the world “beauty”, seen as the key to immortality, which can be reached either by the use of imagination or looking at anything that positively attracts our attention (a work of art, music, nature, etc).
Now, here’s my little photo gallery of the Non Catholic Cemetery in Rome. It is situated near the Pyramid of Caius Cestius (quite near the city centre), but the place itself is very peaceful. As it was too big, I wasn’t able to fully visit it.
At the entrance there is this beautiful gate:

And that’s what you see once you enter the cemetery:

I’ve got the chance to photograph some beautiful graves, like these:

Emelyn Story

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Elsbeth M. Wegener Passarge

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George Wolkoff

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Devereux Plantagenet Cockburn

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William Shelley, son of Mary Wollstonecraft and Percy Byshee Shelley

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This cemetery also hosts a cat shelter, managed by a group of animal activists.. I’m sorry I hadn’t got the time to visit it 😦

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Finally, here’s the main attractions (yeah I know it sounds a bit weird talking about graves) of the cemetery:

John Keats’ gravestone

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As you can see from the picture, Keats didn’t want nothing to be inscribed on his headstone, not even his name, except for “Here lies One Whose Name was writ in Water”. The first part reads “This Grave contains all that was mortal, of a YOUNG ENGLISH POET, who on his Death Bed, in the Bitterness of his heart, at the Malicious Power of his enemies, desired these words to be Engraven on his Tomb Stone”, has been added by poet’s close friends Charles Brown and Joseph Severn, who is buried next to him. Their graves are in a quiet corner next to the Pyramid of Caius Cestius.

P.B. Shelley’s gravestone

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This gravestone is inscribed with “Cor cordium” (heart of hearts) followed by a quotation from Shakespeare’s “The Tempest”:
“Nothing of him that doth fade,
But doth suffer a sea change,
Into something rich and strange.” 
I guess it was chosen because it reminds of the way Shelley died, drowned in the Gulf of La Spezia.

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If you are planning your first/next visit to Rome, you should consider visiting this cemetery.

Love, Vica x

The importance of giving and accepting help 🙏🏻

Hiya guys! Last month has been very busy one so I couldn’t take much care of my blog, sorry about that.

The topic I’m going to write about is quite close to me. First of all, I think I should clarify what inspired me to write this post – besides a couple of episodes from the last 3 or 4 years of my life.
In this article (I’m really sorry that some of you won’t be able to understand it), the title of which could be translated into Stop telling me “You look good the way your are” when I complain about being fat, a 39-year-old woman describes the difficult relationship she has always had with her body and everything that concerns being healthy, like food and exercise. After years of trying to lose weight but gaining it all again and pretending that she didn’t mind being overweight, she gave up fooling herself and faced the actual truth – she didn’t feel comfortable in her own body and that completely affected her habits and her behaviour with those around her. That’s when words from others, as she says, can make us feel even more uncomfortable with ourselves. As a result of what people have told her during the past years, she thinks that most people (like the “fit and beautiful” friends she includes more than once in the article) will never understand how it feels to live in a body that you can’t feel fully as your own – they’ll just go with some false piece of advice like “You should love yourself more” or “Don’t focus on your weight, your beauty is inside you” and that’s it, they’ll keep being at peace with themselves and you’ll keep hating your picture in the mirror.

What now? Oh yeah, right, it’s my turn. As I’m just 20, I can’t say that the “troubled relationship” I have with my body started decades ago. It’s more like an “extension” of that period of time we all call puberty.
I guess it all started in 2011. I was almost 16 years and a series of shitty, heart-breaking episodes happened that year. I went through my first break-up, I broke my right foot and I lost all my old friends for no particular reason (the last two things might have been connected, but I guess we’ll never know). Music, food and the Internet were the only distractions I had. And that’s when my ascent to obesity began. My mum immediately noticed that and started taking me to various nutritionists, but I just couldn’t be bothered to be healthy. Then, in 2013, something happened. Two things that made me realise that maybe I should have loved myself I little bit more that I used to. First of all, someone besides my mother had told me that I was fat and that I needed to start going to the gym. Then, during the second half of the same year, I started liking this boy, a still-not-too-famous American musician who is older and way fitter than I was/am, and that made me feeling like I was inferior. I started to feel ashamed of what people (and him) might have thought of me as an overweight young lady.
So I started dieting and exercising, because I wanted to. In 2014 I lost 10kg in six months, from March till November. Now I weight 68kg, that boy still doesn’t like me THAT way, and people still love me for what I am as a person.

 

What changed then? I’ve changed. I’ve learnt that the key to growing up is to recognise what your limitations are and overcome them. Sometimes you may not achieve a goal as soon as you’ve hoped. But you will, eventually.. Just try harder than you think you can.

But what does all this has to do with the title of this post? I’m going to explain that in a moment.

If it wasn’t for some people that have supported me the whole way through (and still support me), I’d probably never come to the conclusion above. So, here’s a message to those who have to help a loved one with the same problem: listen to what they have to say when they tell you that they don’t feel comfortable with their body for this or that reason, support them (go to the gym together, for example), and most of all, remind them why they are fighting their war when they seem willing to give up. Just don’t let them.

Love, Vica x

Online shopping guide by Vica 🛍

Hi everybody! 🙂 I’ve finally decided to write about one of my main.. Well, I wouldn’t call it an “obsession”.. Let’s say something I really – REALLY – enjoy doing in my spare time (and sometimes even when I should be studying, whoops!).

Living in a city (and in general, in a country) where loads of international brands don’t sell nationwide (some just have like 1-2 shops in the whole country, usually in Milan and/or in Rome) or none at all, the only way to stay up to date on fashion and buy something you can’t find in shops is surfing the Internet. You can find pretty much anything – yes, ANYTHING – you just have to google it. Also, you can get very good deals on many websites when it comes to season – or clearance, but sometimes even random – sales.

The websites I’m going to write something about are: American Apparel, ASOS, Beauty Bay, Crazy Factory, Drop Dead, Firebox, Geek Chic Cosmetics, Just Eros, Love Make Up, MUA Make up Academy, Zalando. I’ve classified this websites by what they sell. Keep reading for a brief and absolutely personal experience-based shopping guide.

– Basically everything

asos

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Based in: London, UK

ASOS is my favourite website. Whether I need to buy something or I’m just looking for inspiration, I always find what I need. And they sell, as the title suggests, everything. From dresses to cute and funny stationary, from accessories to lunch boxes (again, very cute and funny ones). They also sell any kind of brands, from most common to most exclusive ones. They also have their own brand and various sub-brands, like ASOS Curve, ASOS Maternity, ASOS Petite and many many more. And standard shipping only costs 3 pounds/3 euros and it’s free for orders over 20 pounds/24.99 euros!

What are you waiting for? Sales are now on, so go get inspired! They ship worldwide 😉

– Clothing and accessories 

americana

Based in: Los Angeles, CA

I don’t think American Apparel needs any introduction. Their provocative ads and the originality in their products (see the many kinds of patterns and materials they use to create a huge variety of clothes) are well know all over the world. Prices can be quite high for certain products (let’s say almost all of them). If you are not lucky enough (like me) to live in a big city, you may be glad to know that they ship worldwide! Also, the brand reserves some secrets sales once in a while for those who are subscribed to their newsletter and sends them a discount for their birthday to use sitewide!

dropdead

Based in: Sheffield, UK

Drop Dead is getting more and more famous everyday, especially in the hardcore-alternative scene, and it’s not just a case, as it was founded by Bring Me The Horizon vocalist Oliver Sykes. Their outrageous kind of illustrations is what distinguishes their products from the rest of graphic tees on the net, and that’s why their are not very cheap. However, European and International shipping only costs 4.95 pounds. Also, they have two stores in the UK, one in London and one in Sheffield.

zalando

Based in: Berlin, Germany

Zalando, like ASOS, has a pretty wide range of brands to choose from. They also have their own label, called Zalando Essentials. What makes this website great is the 100 days return policy, which is not bad at all if you are busy or very indecisive. Their prices are pretty much accessible for anyone and… Shipping is free 🙂

– Make up only

mua

Based in: London, UK

What characterizes MUA‘s products is their great price-quality ratio. You can literally spend just 1.50 euros for a incredibly pigmented, long lasting lipstick, as you can read from the mostly positive reviews. I bought their Pro-Base Prime & Conceal Palette once and it’s pretty good! Try it and see! Standard delivery costs 5.50 pounds for European orders and 8,50 pounds for International orders.

lovemakeup

Based in: Stanstead Abbotts, UK

Love Make Up sells beauty products from all over the world and to all over the world, like Lime Crime or LA Splash Cosmetics 😀 delivery charges outside the UK are not very cheap (8.95 pounds for European orders and 12.50 pounds for International orders), but I can assure you that is pretty fast!

beautybay

Based in: Manchester, UK

On Beauty Bay you can shop both their own collection and lots of famous beauty brands, which are constantly discounted. Delivery costs depend on your country (you can select it before checking out), but their standard delivery service (called International Saver) is free for orders over 15 euros. Not bad uh?

geekchic

Based in: Cornelius, OR

If you are a TV series/anime/superheros junkie, Geek Chic Cosmetics is perfect for you. All their products are, as its name suggests, inspired by geeky kind of stuff. What I love about this website is that you can buy samples (a bought four last year, maybe one day I’ll write something about them)! There are various shipping costs, depending on your country.

– Funny gadgets and gifts

firebox

Based in: London, UK

Firebox is the kind of online shop you’ll be grateful for when you’ll have to buy the next birthday present for that friend who’s obsessed with Breaking Bad but already got all the DVDs. All kidding aside, in this website there are loads of pop culture-inspired gadgets for all ages and for all tastes. Airmail shipping costs 4.95 euros and they ship worldwide. You can thank me later.

– Body jewelry

When I used to wear earplugs, I really liked shopping here:

justeros

Based in: Polegate, UK

Just Eros has a pretty wide range of earplugs, as well as aftercare products for your lobes. They also have a small section with a few tips for a stretching your lobes without hurting yourself, which was quite useful for me. 🙂

crazyfactory

Based in: Chur, Switzerland

Crazy Factory is one of the best body jewelry websites ever. Their products are cheap and very good. They ship worldwide. 🙂

That’s all for today, happy shopping, remember to buy responsibly! 🙂

Love, Vica x

#LoveWins 🏳️‍🌈

My first post on my brand new blog (and I really hope it will be my last attempt to set up a decent one) deals with an event that happened this morning in the US. Yes, I am talking about Marriage Equality! In all 50 states!! How great is this?!?! I’ve always supported gay rights, and while I’m waiting for my country to extend marriage rights to homosexual couples, I feel the need to express my happiness for those who can finally feel 100% free to love whoever they want!

In this article from Vox.com the long road to same-sex marriage is explained quite well: it took more than 10 years for homosexuals from all over the States to gain a right other people have always taken for granted.

 

I wish it wouldn’t be so difficult for all European countries to understand that marriage it’s only about love, and not just procreation, and that having the same rights as everyone else makes “different people” feel a little less “different”. I’ve met lots of gay and lesbian young people in my life, and I’ve seen them being treated differently in public places (e.g. at school, from their own teachers) and even being rejected from their parents and from their friends, and it’s not cool not being able to help someone you love like you wish you could.

To all the gay people out there still waiting to be treated like “normal” people, hold on. Love will win again, like it won today.

Vica x